Anemone — daughter of the winds
They, at times, can simply be overlooked among the mass of other garden plants.
But if you like landscape gardens, then anemones (they are anemones) will be exactly the flowers that will help open the summer season. They are classified as primroses, but some species are autumn-flowering.
The flowers themselves are quite small, but look great in an array.
Anemones will fill the voids where other plants are just awakening. And, unlike other primroses, anemone greens remain attractive until autumn, and some species bloom again at the end of summer.
The «finest hour» of most species anemone occurs in late spring.
They delicately cope with the task of smoothing out the pretentiousness of tulips, hyacinths and peonies, creating an elegant frame for a flower garden in the form of a border or background.
Anemone forest (Anemone sylvestris)
- Growth area: forests of the Northern Hemisphere.
- Flowering period: April-June and September-October.
- Color scheme: white.
- Height: up to 40 cm.
- Growing conditions: light, acidic, humus soils, partial shade, hardy.
- Features: rhizomatous perennial, can grow on sandy soils.
Anemone buttercup (Anemone ranunculoides)
- Growth area: non-tropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere.
- Flowering period: March-May.
- Colour: yellow.
- Height: up to 30 cm.
- Growing conditions: moist shade and light humus soils.
- Features: rhizomatous perennial, if grown from seeds, the first flowers may appear quite late — by ten years.
Anemone tender (Anemone blanda)
- Growth area: warm and humid climatic zones of the Northern Hemisphere.
- Flowering period:
- Color scheme: white and blue.
- Growing conditions: light, calcareous, humus soils, sunny places.
- Features: tuberous perennial, requires mandatory mulching for a dormant period.
Crown anemone (Anemone coronaria)
- Growth area:
- Flowering period:
- Color range: wide range of rich shades.
- Growing conditions: light humus soils,
- Features: tuberous perennial, after complete flowering, it is advisable to dry the tubers, repeat planting in autumn or spring.
Anemone Japanese (Anemone japonica)
- Growth area: China, Japan.
- Flowering period: August-September.
- Color scheme: pastel colors.
- Height: up to 1.5 m.
- Growing conditions: light and partial shade, fertile soils.
- Features: rhizomatous perennial, do not require support, in cold climates the stems are not cut for the winter, and the soil is mulched with peat or leaf litter.
IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW
The bitter juice contained in the stems can irritate the mucous membranes and skin.
AT Caucasian, tender, Apennine anemones need shelter for the winter.
To avoid rotting of anemone tubers (the most beautiful and capricious) in July, they are dug up, dried and stored at a low positive temperature. Landing in the ground is carried out in October or spring immediately after the snow melts. Planting depth 5 cm, pre-soaking in water for a day is recommended.
ANEMONE IN GARDEN DESIGN
Since anemones are presented in different types (shade-loving, shade-tolerant, light-loving), it is extremely easy to find a place for them in the garden. The main thing is to correctly determine the type.
In the damp shade, up to the north side of the house, “forest dwellers” prefer to live: oak and buttercup anemones.
In partial shade, the best place for the inhabitants of the forest-steppe zone: fork anemones, Canadian and, of course, forest anemones.
Apennine, Caucasian, tender and crowned anemones love sunny places. They can also be planted in rockeries.
Despite the relatively small size of the flowers, the developed anemone curtain will not go unnoticed.
And if they form a whole carpet, the success of such a mono-flower is assured, if only it is competently beaten with a uniform background (lawn, decoratively deciduous perennials or low shrubs).
COMPATIBILITY IN COLOR AND FORM
When planting spring anemones in a flower garden, it is worth remembering that even varieties with a bright color can get lost against the background of no less bright primroses. Therefore, evergreen perennials will become the best partners for them. However, if the primroses «live» in a tier below or above, then anemones will only benefit against their background, provided that the flower garden is built on contrast.
For the delicate colors of autumn-blooming anemones, it is also important not to get lost in bright colors. Therefore, the ideal partners for them are monochrome greens and large-flowered plants.
REPRODUCTION AND TRANSPLANT
The fact is that the germination of seeds of this perennial is kept at the level of 5-25%.
For the cultivation of new plants, fresh seeds, summer and autumn sowing are used.
Seeds are sown in boxes with soil and containers are added dropwise in a shady place to preserve the natural moisture of the substrate. In any case, seedlings will appear after natural stratification next spring. Let the young sprouts develop and only after that (in the spring of a year) transplant to a permanent place.
Such anemones will bloom in the second, third, and even fourth year after sowing.
Flowering next year can be achieved by vegetative propagation — root division. In spring, the rhizome is divided into segments 5-6 cm long. In some anemones, the rhizome consists of phalanges (annual growths), which themselves are separated from each other when dug up. Each of them contains a kidney, which gives life to a new plant.
Both harvested root segments and phalanxes are placed in moist soil and make sure that it does not dry out or become waterlogged. Watering is required only when sprouts appear. The best period for this operation is the beginning of the growing season, but it can also be done during the start of dormancy (July-August).
Tuberous roots are divided only in the period of July-August. Sections with one, and even better 2-3 kidneys are separated from the tuber.
If, after digging up anemones, you find shoots on the roots, feel free to separate them along with a piece of rhizome. The mother plant will easily recover from the loss of «freeloaders», and the shoots will give independent plants.
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Let’s forget all the traditional methods of planting flowers and watch the landscape designers at work. Any exhibition of garden design gives at least one non-standard and, at the same time, brilliant idea.