Top 10 best grape varieties for the middle lane
According to historians and archaeologists, viticulture dates back at least eight thousand years. The ancient peoples of Asia and Africa enjoyed the sunny berries, then it ended up in Europe and conquered both Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire.
Now there are many varieties that can be grown in the middle lane. In this region, where the summer is rather short, grape breeders and practitioners recommend planting grapes with a short ripening period. Technical and table varieties are popular among plant species. By choosing it correctly, you can easily achieve a rich and tasty harvest.
The best table grape varieties for the middle lane
Super-Extra (Citrine) grapes
Table ultra-early grape variety. Bushes are medium-sized, fruitful. Flowers of both sexes, that is, the variety is self-pollinating. In the open field, in a well-lit place, they ripen in mid-August. The clusters are large, they pick up sugar well. Peasing is manifested to a small extent. Berries of harmonious taste, fleshy-juicy, large, white, when fully ripe — yellow, slightly ovoid.
Ripe berries have a tendency to wither near the stem. Therefore, the harvest must be harvested on time. The load on the bush is 20-30 peepholes with a length of pruning of vines for 5-7 peepholes. The maturation of annual shoots is satisfactory. Resistance to fungal diseases at the level of 2-2.5 points. Frost resistance down to -25°С, shelter for the winter is required.
A hybrid with a justified name truly surprises with a decent harvest and incredible appearance. Huge shoots up to 40 meters long are strong, as they hold rather heavy clusters — weighing up to 1.5 kg. The fruits are large, their shape resembles a cylinder. The variety can be considered early ripe — the vegetative period lasts about 100 days. In the middle zone of the country, it ripens even in the short periods of summer. In addition, the plant is frost-resistant, withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees. Therefore, you should not worry about damage and lack of harvest.
Gardeners note that the Sensation was practically not noticed in a painful condition. The variety is not susceptible to diseases such as gray rot and mildew. Behind him there is no tendency to reduce the fruit, that is, peas. In one season, up to 60 kg of crop can be harvested from the vine. Grapes retain their marketable appearance for a long period. Under the thin skin of the berries lies a deliciously delicate taste of the pulp. The plant managed to fall in love with wasps because of the sweetness of the fruit.
Gaining sugar content by mid-August. The flowers are bisexual, the vines ripen completely. The berries are small, sweet, have a bright nutmeg aroma and a beautiful golden hue on the sunny side. The variety has high taste qualities.
The bushes are medium-sized, very productive. It is prone to overload and pea, therefore, requires careful pruning. The crop can be on the bushes for a long time without loss of commercial qualities. The load on the bush is 30-35 peepholes with a length of pruning vines of 4-6 peepholes. The vines ripen early and fully. The variety is quite resistant to fungal diseases: 3.5 points. Frost resistance up to -25ºС. May winter under light dry cover.
Dessert taste, combined with the most useful properties of grapes, is appreciated by most residents of central Russia. There it is grown without any hassle. The hybrid originated from the Marshall and Moldovan varieties. He took the best qualities of his «parents» and supplemented them with his own advantages. Its second name is «Black Magic» (magical characteristics give it every right to call it that). After one year from the date of planting, the vineyard begins to bear fruit. The clusters are not dense and due to this they are perfectly kept on the vine.
The bush can freeze only at temperatures below -23 degrees. Therefore, with severe frosts, the best solution would be to shelter the vineyard from the cold. When fully ripe, the color of the berries is so dark that it looks like black. The tasters unanimously rated the light and pleasant taste of Black Magic at 9 out of 10 possible points. There are seeds inside the fruits, they are quite large, but there are not many of them — only 2 pieces. Grapes do not crumble from the brush and hold tightly to it. A generous harvest will become a habit when growing a variety. The disadvantages include cracking in an unfavorable period of weather.
Kishmish is a very early table variety. The ripening period is 110 days. The vineyard grows up to 5-3 meters in one season, so it is considered tall. Ripe fruits are pressed tightly against each other, and the clusters look massive. Their weight reaches one and a half kilograms. The berries themselves are green at first, and when ripe — light yellow. They will not wrinkle during transportation and will retain their appearance.
Grapes are very sweet in taste, without sourness. Its sugar content is 25 percent. In the regions of the middle lane, the variety is very popular. Its resistance to non-flying and cold weather is high. It will remain unshakable in frosts up to 23 degrees. Early fruiting suits most grape lovers. And the unpretentiousness of the plant pleases gardeners. Bacterial infections should be protected and special preparations for unforeseen diseases should be purchased.
The best technical grape varieties for the middle band
Platovsky Muscat grapes
The most famous hybrid among experienced gardeners. It was created specifically for processing and making wine. It turned out Platovsky thanks to the crossing of the Gift of Magarach and the Hungarian Zaladende. The plant is resistant to frost periods and adequately resists diseases. The harmonious taste of berries with a nutmeg flavor was liked by many tasters. Dessert and table wines are indescribably pleasant. In addition, gardeners successfully make homemade drinks from this grape. Often Platovsky grapes can be seen in the composition of Phanagoria wine.
Beautiful clusters of light green shades are the best way to decorate a gazebo or courtyard terrace. In the garden, this variety will stand out from the rest of the plants. Gardeners note good frost resistance (up to -30 degrees). The vineyard will not need complex care and shelter for the winter. After ripening, the berry will remain unchanged in its place (on the brush) for another month. The harvest brings good — 5-6 kg from one bush. Sugar fruits in themselves contain about 20 percent. The only downside is that the berries do not tolerate long distance travel.
They created it specifically for the cold regions of the country, so they did everything so that the Cossack had the best frost-resistant properties. Having crossed two varieties Kazachka-1 and Violet early, this hybrid was obtained. It is characterized by high yield and endurance to external factors. In mid-August, the fruits turn dark blue and can be harvested to make a fine wine drink or juice. Steadily Cossack resists mildya.
The three-lobed leaf of medium size differs from many varieties, so it is easy to distinguish it from other species. The end of each blade is pointed. The clusters are cylindroconical in shape, and the flowers are bisexual of medium size. They weigh about 170 grams. A pronounced wax coating on the berries plays a protective role. Therefore, the fruits are not damaged in «non-flying» weather. They are fragrant and juicy, with hints of nutmeg. Tasters note that the grapes are sweet. The sugar content in it, at times, reaches 27 percent. In general, Kazachka is in great demand in different regions of the country. The variety is susceptible to some diseases, so you need to carefully monitor its condition.
It is mid-season — the ripening period fits into approximately 130 days. Cone clusters do not differ in large size and density. The inflorescences of August are oval in shape, the berries are juicy. The inside of the scarlet color contributes to the characteristic color of the wine during the processing of the fruit. On the surface they have a dark blue hue, and when ripe they are black. Taste is highly appreciated by consumers. It is nutmeg, with floral notes. The variety is quite sweet (sugar content about 23 percent).
The grapes ripen by the end of August, and sometimes by the beginning of September. At temperatures down to -25 degrees, Augusta will feel good and develop. In harsh conditions, it is viable, which makes it stand out among its brethren. Winegrowers with great pleasure plant this variety in their beds and recommend it to others. Even if the plant has been subjected to severe frosts and damaged, then during the growing season it is able to recover and bring a rich harvest. The wine from it is excellent and tasty. The need to clean weeds confuses some gardeners, however, this measure will prevent the appearance of pests in the beds.
Breeders created it by crossing Chasselas Bouvier and Villard Blanc. Strong bush growth allows for a generous harvest in season. In the middle lane, Bianca does not take root badly, the variety adapts and grows without any problems. It is preferably used for the preparation of cognac drinks. Thanks to the grapes, it will have a pleasant taste with hints of almonds and vanilla.
Bright green leaves complement the image of a grape plant. They are smooth with a glossy finish. Due to cold climatic conditions, Bianca ripens later than in the southern regions — by August. The high score of the variety is due to a stable and rich harvest. One shoot will give 2-3 brushes of fruit. This will happen 3 years after planting. Small bunches look pretty neat. A berry is about 7 grams. The variety is frost-resistant and has good immunity to diseases. Can be damaged by wasps and deteriorate during transportation.
Pinot Noir grapes
The French variety is very popular. It is called the legendary raw material for making wines. The leaf of the vineyard is funnel-shaped, has 4-5 lobes. Clusters are small, standard shape (cylindrical). Their weight is varied depending on the growing conditions — from 70 to 110 g. Pinot noir has strong immunity from certain diseases: gray rot and grape leafworm. The plant tolerates low temperatures well, so it is recommended for central Russia.
The variety can be called relatively not capricious. It is able to recover during the ripening period, which lasts 140-150 days. The uniqueness of taste and aroma is noted by winegrowers from different countries. The plant is capable of self-pollination, so it is not necessary to do this artificially. Decent indicators of frost resistance delight the inhabitants of central Russia. Pinot noir will not spoil at temperatures down to -30 degrees. The berries are dark blue when fully ripe and look like black. The disadvantages include not a plentiful harvest. Although its quality leaves gardeners satisfied.