Facades of houses — finishing materials and design options
The construction of private buildings is developing intensively. The facades of houses perform a decorative role, they are the hallmark of the home. In addition, they serve to insulate it, protect it from atmospheric precipitation and should look harmonious with the backyard area and the surrounding landscape.
Variants of facades of private houses
The modern construction market offers a wide range of finishing materials and technologies for decorating the exterior of buildings. Finishing the facade of a private house is done using:
The material must have an attractive appearance, reliability, practicality. Often, along with the finishing cladding, walls are insulated. A wet house facade is an attractive and budgetary way to enhance the thermal insulation parameters of surfaces and decorate them. Due to the adhesive composition, foam and reinforcement, the walls are insulated. Each type of material has its own characteristics and gives the mansion a certain style.
House facade plaster
This is one of the old ways to decorate the outside of the home. Modern plasters involve applying mortar to walls to give them an attractive appearance. For this, cement-sand, gypsum, lime mixtures with various fillers are used — stone chips, mineral additives, colors. Plaster allows you to give the walls a relief or smooth texture, which can be painted in the future.
The facade of the house of the «bark beetle» type is popular, having the appearance of wood pitted by a bug. Due to the marble chips, the grater during facing works creates characteristic furrows on the surface in the form of rain, lambs, waves, cruciform lines. The architectural elements of the walls — corners, openings, columns can be highlighted with plaster of a different shade, and geometric patterns can be created to decorate the building.
Facade of a brick house
This is a material that has been popular for decades. Facing brick has a variety of colors, shapes, masonry options. It has a clear geometric shape or rounded corners, can imitate the relief of a stone, original aged surfaces, antique elongated contours of the material. Popular color of products — white, red, brown, sand. The material is strong and durable, retains heat, “breathes”, does not burn, and tolerates frost and heat very well.
Finishing the facade of the house with bricks is carried out using various masonry options, using shaped elements for volumetric selection of corners, windows, doorways. Combining different shades (from light to dark) and curly textures, you can decorate expressive walls. The combined facade of the house looks impressive if the basement, corners, openings are lined with stone, and the main surface is brick. In this case, you can use beautiful combinations of shades: brown and red, gray and white.
Finishing the facade of the house with wood
Finishing the building with wood materials gives it a natural beauty, enhances heat saving and sound insulation. The facade of a wooden house is created using different materials:
- lining — the most accessible and well-known way;
- timber imitation — looks like a planed board;
- block house — imitates a cylindrical log;
- siding — made from wood fibers.
To protect against insects and fungus, the wood is treated with impregnations. The facade of a house made of timber looks neat and aesthetically pleasing, the material occupies a leading position in wood trim. Wood is given any color — varnished, stained, which emphasize the natural texture, or painted. Elements can be sewn on at a certain interval, creating ventilated facades of houses. With the help of carving, platbands, slopes, cornices, overhead columns are decorated, which brings elegance to the design. Wood aging is popular to give the home an authentic look.
Finishing the facade of the house with stone
Such a cladding will emphasize the nobility in the structure. For it is used:
The material may have a rectangular or uneven shape, embossed or smooth texture. For example, marble is a polished product with a deep pattern. Granite is durable and has attractive inclusions, limestone stands out for its geometric shape and relief, slate looks like narrow layers with chipped outlines. Deciding to decorate the facade of the house with natural stone, you can use masonry with a clear geometry or chaotic, characteristic of raw material. The second type of finish gives the structure naturalness.
Facing panels for the facade of the house
External systems help to solve the issue of insulation and decoration of the walls of the building quickly and inexpensively. Panels for finishing the facades of private houses are:
- from metal with a polymeric covering;
- from wood fibers;
- thermal panels;
- fiber cement;
- from porcelain stoneware;
- with imitation of brick and stone.
With the help of such materials, the cladding of the building can be completed quickly; they all have high thermal insulation and protective characteristics. Thermal panels for the facade of the house combine insulation and wall cladding. They consist of foam plastic and a decorative clinker layer, they have different shades. The facade of the house, decorated with brick-like panels, looks neat, as if lined with natural material. They have a wide range of colors, do not fade, insulate the structure.
Finishing the facade of the house with siding
Facing the walls of the building with decorative strips will help transform the design of the building, insulate them and protect them from atmospheric precipitation. The most popular is vinyl and plinth siding. Such materials for finishing the facades of private houses are made of PVC, they can imitate wood flooring, brick, stone. The material has a wide range of colors. With its help, the facades of houses can be given the appearance of a wooden frame, a stone castle, a brick monolith or a neat house with a slatted cladding.
When installing the skin, it is important to combine shades in profiles, accessories, and trim. For example, a light wall and windows matched to match it go well with a red, green roof. The dark plinth of the facade of the house under the stone looks harmoniously and the walls are made of neat slatted beige siding or a brick coating. The material is durable, moisture resistant and is not afraid of temperature changes.
Glass facade of the house
The modern architecture of buildings offers many original design solutions. Beautiful facades of glass houses make the building weightless and elegant. For their manufacture, a hardened, laminated durable material is used that can withstand wind and static loads. Glass panels are held on metal profiles, they are transparent, tinted, colored. The curved facades of the houses look interesting from the outside, and inside the room they create a panoramic view. The material is shock-resistant, does not scratch and keeps heat well.
House facade design
The outer part of the building creates the first impression of it. The decoration of the facade of the house is made according to the style of the building, depending on it, the necessary materials are selected and combined. For example, wood and stone — under the country, light plaster or brick — under Provence, glass — for high-tech. Facing must be attractive, resist corrosion, withstand frost, moisture, and insulate the building. The impression that a building makes depends on the design of the walls, the plinth, various architectural elements — windows, columns, arches, balconies and terraces.
Facade design of a one-story house
Fashionable finishes and perfect design can make even a small building stand out from the rest. Facing a one-story dwelling with a brick is popular in combination with a roof that is contrasting or matched to the tone of the walls. Facing the facade of the house with a tree under a flat bar or a cylindrical log will turn it into a fabulous village cottage. A small cozy mansion can be decorated with plastered walls, and corners, plinth and window openings can be highlighted with contrasting stone or brick.
Facades of two-story houses
The exterior of the cottage is designed in different styles. Art Nouveau is characterized by natural materials and smooth lines, the classics are emphasized by stone and brickwork. Baroque luxury is created with the help of stucco molding, gilding on wall elements, minimalism and high-tech attract modern people with an abundance of glass and metal. Options for finishing the facade of a private house:
- Cladding panels. They allow you to imitate brick, stone, wood, this is a fast and modern way to improve walls.
- Decorative plaster. It gives ample opportunities in the selection of surface colors, three-dimensional relief, creating mosaic, shiny effects and a combination of contrasting colors in the architectural elements of house facades.
- Brick. With the help of clinker, a neat strong cottage is created.
- Wood. Boards and a block house give an aesthetic natural look to the structure.
Facades of houses with an attic
The cottage with an attic room looks stylish. The design of the facade of a country house with an attic looks interesting with non-standard window openings. The upper floor can be supplemented with a balcony with stone columns or carved, forged railings. It is appropriate to highlight the attic with a play of colors — mark corner places, ledges, and other structural elements with a contrasting shade. The combination of materials creates an interesting design. Facing the house can be done with stone, and the attic can be highlighted with wooden panels. Stone and plaster or brick can be combined in decoration.
Facade of a house with a garage
The room for the car is built into the first floor, equipped in the basement of the building or below ground level. The facades of private houses with a garage are characterized by the presence of additional awnings, gate framing. Such a room is faced with masonry, wooden or plastic siding, plaster. It stands out with contrasting shades and textures or is finished in the same way as the entire cottage, with architectural elements inherent in the style — arched openings, frames for classic or Provence, glass gates on the entire wall for minimalism.
The facades of houses create the first impression of the structure, characterize the tastes and preferences of the owners. Thanks to modern building materials, it can be turned into a stone palace, a modern building made of glass and metal, or a cozy wooden tower. In addition, the outer cladding protects it from environmental influences, insulates. Due to the beautiful and high-quality exterior finish, the mansion acquires attractiveness, its own zest and protection, which will distinguish it from other buildings.
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