Facade stone — types of artificial and natural material
Under the concept of facade stone, there are many facing and building materials that are used for exterior and interior finishing work, the construction of a durable and impregnable frame. These breeds are excellent in their operational properties, color, shape, structure, nature of origin.
Natural facade stone
Conventionally, the facade stone is divided into natural or artificial. Natural as a facing material has been used for a very long time. It has many positive qualities, it is firmness, reliability and durability. Its disadvantages include high cost and heavy weight. In practice, the following types of facade stone are used:
- quartzite — hard and durable material of gray or reddish color;
- slate — inexpensive material, has a very original appearance and a wide color spectrum;
- sandstone – easily processed, soft and porous material;
- granite — the heaviest and most reliable finishing material, resistant to external influences;
- marble — Sufficiently durable material with a presentable appearance.
Facade stone under a brick
Brick finish perfectly copes with the task of decorating and strengthening the exterior facade of the building, complements the interior of the interior. You can create an imitation of brickwork using the appropriate tiles and panels. Reserved the right to exist and facing the facade stone under the brick. A wide range of its use is due to the objective price — quality ratio and a large assortment.
wild facade stone
Under any conditions, the natural rock retains its originality, it is resistant to different temperatures, precipitation, sunlight. The facade decorated with wild stone looks elegant and presentable, emphasizing the status of the owner. For all its high cost, facing with a facade stone of natural origin does not lose popularity. Most often it is used for finishing the basement, door and window openings, corners. Not many decide to decorate all the walls with natural material, because in this perspective you can turn the building into a real castle.
Facade torn stone
The most sophisticated design solution can be realized with the help of a finishing material with a “torn” texture. Such a frame resembles the walls of medieval buildings or granite rocks. Facade stone gray, brown, or other natural shade with a rough, rough surface is used to decorate restaurants, shops, cafes, country houses.
It is possible to perform lining under the “torn stone” both with natural rocks and artificial ones. The latter are made in the form of tiles, panels, bricks or blocks:
- Tiles and panels «torn stone» are suitable for decorating the facade, plinth and interior design. They will decorate any surface, as they are attached with adhesive for ceramic tiles.
- Facing brick «torn stone» is used for facade decoration, the construction of interior partitions, the implementation of original stylistic solutions indoors.
- Decorative blocks «torn stone» are used to build fences and fences. For convenience, separate blocks are made: facade, corner, for pillars.
Facade stone from plaster
Mostly for interior finishing work, a facade stone for a house made of gypsum mixture is used. It is not characterized by high strength and resistance to moisture, but the material copes with the decorative load perfectly. Facade stone made of gypsum can be suitable for outdoor work if, after laying, it is coated with a special protective agent: varnish or paint.
Facade stone made of concrete
Another option for artificial cladding is a concrete facade stone. It perfectly imitates natural surfaces in color, structure, shape and size. For its manufacture, cement is used with the addition of fillers and modifiers, which improves the appearance of the product and durability. The main advantage of such a building material is its low cost and the possibility of self-production.
Facade stone slate
Rock — slate, is used for decorating walls, plinths of buildings, decorating the interior of rooms. It harmoniously combines with other textures, has a rich color palette, creates a radiant effect. Finishing with slate does not need additional care, and its service life reaches several decades. For outdoor use, different colors of facade stone can be used, but only black, gray and green slate can be polished.
Clinker facade stone
Decorative ceramics performs the role of a reliable and aesthetic cladding. The range of this coating can be classified as follows:
- Facade clinker tiles. Such a finishing facade stone can easily imitate brick or masonry, favorably differing from the latter in lighter weight and affordable cost.
- Paving slabs-clinker. It is used for paving paths, alleys, areas in front of the house.
- Floor coverings. Good for facing surfaces with increased load.
Finishing the facade with clinker tiles will help to reliably isolate the building from sound, temperature changes, wind, dampness and other bad weather. Other benefits of clinker include:
- the service life of the material is more than a century;
- high stone strength and impact resistance;
- environmental friendliness;
- clinker practically does not create additional load on the foundation;
- ease of installation, which can be done independently.
Facade flexible stone
A sandstone cut fixed on a textile base with a polymer is an innovative solution or a flexible facade stone. It has high elasticity and strength, has low weight and antistatic properties, allows you to veneer complex surfaces: arches, columns, fireplaces, warm floors. The material is supplied in rolls and tiles. It is possible to use a flexible facade stone for the plinth and walls of the building after pre-treatment.
Artificial facade stone
Facing artificial material has gained wide popularity due to its excellent performance properties and external resemblance to natural stone. However, artificial stone has a number of advantages over its natural counterpart:
- light weight;
- a wide range of colors and shades;
- low price.
Decorative facade stone of artificial origin realistically imitates natural finishes. Depending on the source materials and production methods, the scope of use varies:
- Clinker stone. Suitable for facade cladding, the material reproduces the surface of sandstone, its basis is refractory clay.
- Concrete stone. Affordable material, its manufacturing technology allows you to imitate any texture and color. Resistant to temperature extremes, used for all types of finishes.
- Polymer sand stone. Strong and durable, suitable for finishing the foundation and plinth.
- Resin stone. The basis of this facade stone is natural stone chips and other construction waste, imitates any surface. It has excellent performance.
- Ceramic stone. It is made in the form of slabs and bricks, does not tolerate temperature extremes, is more often used for interior decoration.