Exterior decoration of a wooden house — how to finish the facade and plinth, options
A timely exterior finish of a wooden house will help eliminate damage to the facade and make the old building more attractive. In preparation for the upcoming repair work, you need to be able to choose the right stylish type of sheathing, taking into account all the features of the local climate and landscape.
Exterior cladding of a wooden house
Paying all attention to the interior of their home, built of logs or timber, many owners forget to check the condition of the facade, which over many years of operation can become covered with cracks, mold or other unpleasant damage. In most cases, the situation is saved by a new exterior finish of a wooden house, choosing options for facing material, one should take into account its cost, practicality, durability and resistance to external influences.
What requirements should the exterior finish of a wooden house meet:
- The renovated facade must be durable.
- Modern and attractive appearance.
- The finish must protect against possible mechanical damage.
- Resistant to mold and pests.
- Resistant to solar radiation.
- Protection of the facade from precipitation and critical temperature changes.
- Good thermal insulation characteristics.
- Maximum masking of existing layout defects.
- It is recommended that the exterior finish of a wooden house be made exclusively from fire-resistant materials.
Exterior processing of a wooden house
Even strong wooden houses without finishing and treatment with protective compounds quickly become moldy and begin to collapse under the influence of vaga and ultraviolet radiation. To avoid deformation of the outer layer, it is required to carry out a set of measures using special tools. The best option is to apply an antiseptic and fire retardant primer.
An example of antiseptics to protect a wooden house:
- Senezh Ognebio;
- Neomid 440;
- Tikkurila Pinjasol Wax.
How to decorate the facade of a wooden house?
In fresh buildings made of logs, it is not recommended to carry out major facing work; it is necessary to wait until it shrinks completely, until the material completely gives up its moisture. The facade finish of a wooden house can collapse during the drying of raw wood. An exception is constructions made of specially prepared profiled timber, which undergoes high-quality drying at the factory.
The main stages of exterior decoration of a wooden house:
- The outer surface of wooden walls is treated with preparations for comprehensive protection.
- Vapor barrier installation.
- Assembly work on the manufacture of the frame.
- Thermal insulation laying.
- Waterproofing attachment.
- The final stage is the exterior cladding of the house with a decorative coating.
Window decoration in a wooden house
In buildings made of logs or timber, both wooden and plastic double-glazed windows can be installed. The exterior decoration of a wooden house and the design of the slopes are often made with plastic, wooden clapboard or board. It is advisable to choose a practical option that will reliably protect the living space from bad weather, and will look beautiful against the general background of the facade.
Options for finishing window slopes in a wooden house:
- plastic panels — hermetic, frost-resistant and durable material, easy to install, easy to clean, has a wide selection of colors.
- Wooden lining — eco-friendly, strong and durable finish, a huge variety of sizes and colors, suitable for interior work. The disadvantage is that lining is more expensive than PVC panels, it requires processing to protect it from moisture.
Finishing the plinth of a wooden house
The basement part of the structure serves as a barrier separating the lower trim of the wooden frame from the foundation. It protects the walls from water and snow, improves thermal insulation characteristics. There are three options for the design of the plinth — protruding beyond the walls, sinking, flush with the walls. For decorative purposes and to increase comfort in residential premises, it is recommended to insulate and finish the basement surface with various durable materials.
How to finish the plinth of a wooden house:
- artificial or natural stone;
- moisture resistant wood;
- foam concrete;
- expanded clay concrete;
- decorative plaster;
- PVC panels.
How to finish a wooden house outside?
The design of the facade is chosen taking into account the taste of the owner of the estate and his financial capabilities. It is advisable to carefully consider the interior of the house and the layout of the entire site so that the exterior finish of the wooden house matches the general style of the home and the surrounding landscape. The strength characteristics of the facing material and its resistance to external influences are important.
There are different ways to fasten the decorative layer — wet and spatial-volumetric. In the first case, the use of glue or mortar is required. In the second case, the panels are installed using a crate and are located at a distance from the rough wooden wall. The use of this method allows you to improve the thermal properties of the building and better protect the house from the vagaries of the weather.
Options for finishing a wooden house:
- clinker thermal panels;
- block house;
- PVC or metal siding;
- decorative types of plaster;
- porcelain tile.
Finishing a wooden house with bricks
Using facade bricks, you can significantly increase the strength characteristics of the building, make the facade reliable, fire-resistant and durable. This material for finishing a wooden house has a significant drawback — a lot of weight, so an additional foundation is required for the width of the upcoming masonry. Brick cladding is carried out no earlier than 3 years from the moment of erection of the main wooden structure.
Pins or clamps are used to connect the facing wall to the load-bearing wall. They are installed in 3-5 rows, depending on the type of masonry, which can be done on a brick edge or in half a brick. Using figured material in the design of the cornice, windows and doorways, you can transform the appearance of the facade, soften strict forms. Interesting and spectacular results are obtained by combining bricks of different colors or shades.
Exterior painting of a wooden house
Aging wood in the air loses its color, turns pale, cracks, becomes moldy. For the purpose of protection of a facade from the revealed damages exterior paint is applied to the wooden house. First, the previous finish is removed, the timber or log walls are cleaned, after which they are treated with a primer layer and an antiseptic. In the end, after the surface has completely dried, we are engaged in painting. Acrylic paint lasts the longest, it does not lose its luster, color and presentable appearance up to 10 years.
Exterior plaster of a wooden house
A thin layer of plaster reacts faster to shrinkage, and if you do not meet the recommended deadlines, then your facade may become cracked. At the initial stage, it is necessary to clean the wood from debris, caulk the cracks, and treat them with antiseptics. Increases the adhesion of the plaster composition with wood multi-layer shingles, which is made of slats with a thickness of 5 mm. Stuff it with nails in perpendicular rows at an angle of 45 °, creating even square cells.
It is possible to combine this process with the capital warming of the dwelling, creating a multi-layer cake from a heat-insulating material, a reinforcing layer and plaster. There are different high-quality ways to finish a wooden house with plaster, but they all require certain skills from the worker. Currently, the following types of working compositions are mainly used:
- mineral mixtures;
- acrylic plaster;
- silicone plaster;
- silicate plaster compositions.
How to decorate a wooden house with siding?
It is allowed to install siding exclusively on a metal or wooden crate. It is convenient to fill the resulting gap with heat-insulating material, and the ventilation ducts will protect the structure from the spread of mold. In addition to PVC panels, there is a wooden siding for the exterior of the house, which is made from dried unedged softwood boards. After giving the material a predetermined shape, followed by varnish or paint, the outer lining of wood acquires strength and resistance to external factors.
Finishing a wooden house with a block house
Block house will appeal to people who want to keep the classic design of the facade in the form of a Russian hut made of round logs. The exterior cladding of a wooden house is installed similarly to siding, it requires the arrangement of a crate, the fastening of a heater and a windproof film. An alternative option is a metal block house. This material outwardly strongly resembles a rounded log, but has a number of advantages. The exterior finish of a wooden house made of metal is fire-resistant, does not lend itself to rotting processes, and is much cheaper than wood.
Finishing a wooden house with stone outside
It is possible to make stone facing of individual fragments of the building (windows, openings, corners, cornices) or completely cover the wooden walls with decorative material. In the question of how to finish a wooden house from the outside, it is more practical and cheaper to use imitation of rocks in the form of a thin facing tile that is easy to use. At the initial stage, the rough wall is cleaned and processed, the crate is fixed, then a reinforcing net is nailed to the insulation. Exterior stone trim is made from the base using a special glue.
Types of exterior finishes for natural stone:
- granite tiles;
- under marble;
- under limestone;
- under basalt;
- under the slate
Panels for the exterior of a wooden house
The exterior decoration of the house with wooden panels in the form of a lining looks decorative, expensive, and well insulates the walls from frost. The disadvantage of this method is the high cost, in addition, regular maintenance of the surface of natural material is required. Practical owners of private buildings are trying to look for alternative options and are increasingly performing exterior cladding with panels of durable artificial compounds.
Types of exterior panels for finishing a wooden house:
- thermal panels;
- fiber cement panels;
- metal panels;
- outer panels made of polypropylene;
- sandwich panels;
- outdoor PVC panels.
External insulation of a wooden house
Work on strengthening the thermal insulation of external walls, which can be successfully combined with facade decoration, helps to significantly save increasing energy costs and increase comfort in the home. A vapor barrier is attached on top of the crate, and an external insulation for a wooden house is installed on top. Next, a waterproofing barrier is mounted in the form of a thin film that protects the mineral wool from precipitation and condensate. Outside, we protect the complex “pie” with clapboard, siding or other material.
Types of external insulation for a wooden house:
- mineral wool;
- thermal panels;
- expanded polystyrene;
- polyurethane foam.