120 photos of selection and planting of healthy and fertile specimens
How pleasant it is to enjoy the coolness in the shade of a branchy tree in our fussy age of high technology. What could be nicer than your own corner of nature. Each person has their own idea of the ideal suburban area.
For some, the ultimate dream is a large fruit-bearing orchard of fruit trees. Growing, caring from a small seedling to a full-fledged tree brings tremendous pleasure to gardeners. And how pleasant it is to finally enjoy the fruits of your labors: fragrant apples, juicy pears, exotic peaches.
For others, it is an ideal dacha, a place for a relaxing holiday with a favorite book, or just contemplation of natural beauties surrounded by ornamental shrubs or exotic trees. A picturesque garden — the fruits of the labors of a landscape designer or your personal project.
But, as in the first, and in the second version, the dream of an ideal garden cannot be achieved without basic knowledge about caring for trees and planting seedlings in your backyard.
Brief content of the article:
Fruit trees for different regions
Climatic conditions in different regions of our vast country are very different, so fruit tree seedlings are best chosen for a particular area.
Perhaps one of the most popular types of fruit trees is considered to be an apple tree. It is frost-resistant and not whimsical to the type of soil. Pear, plum, cherry are also very popular among summer residents of central Russia.
In the southern regions, of course, the choice of fruit trees is much larger. In summer cottages in warm regions, cherries, apricots, and peaches are found everywhere. You can also find more exotic pomegranate or persimmon.
Selection and purchase of seedlings
Growing trees is, of course, laborious and painstaking work, which always begins with the selection of a seedling. And if you want to enjoy a rich harvest and a healthy plant, you must follow certain rules.
The first recommendation refers to the place of purchase of seedlings of trees and shrubs. Of course, you should opt for a specialized nursery, experts will give you qualified recommendations on choosing a variety and caring for it. While buying a plant in the market from strangers, you risk being deceived.
They usually buy seedlings either in early spring or autumn, this is necessary to adapt to the winter period.
As you can see in the photo of tree seedlings, the root system can be open and closed, as well as in a container.
The open root system is characterized by transportation features. Planting material of this type is transported in moistened peat, wrapped in paper or cloth to prevent the root from drying out. Such seedlings are planted immediately after purchase from October to November.
Seedlings with a closed root system are sold with an earthen clod on the rhizome, wrapped in polyethylene, that is, the roots are not exposed. Such trees should be carried carefully, supporting the lower part of the roots.
Planted in early autumn or April. Storage is allowed for 2-3 weeks, during this period it is necessary to maintain soil moisture on the roots.
The seedlings are usually transplanted into a container immediately before being sold, and before that they are rooted in pots.
Basic rules for choosing seedlings
It is best to choose a seedling as young as possible, so it is more likely that it will take root painlessly. The ideal age of planting material is 2 years and a height of 1.5 m. It is dangerous to transplant older specimens, as the likelihood of death increases.
The condition of the roots is very important, they should be thick and moist, wrapped in a cloth. If the roots are dry, the plant will most likely die.
Another point regarding the roots, which is important to pay attention to. The root neck must have a place for grafting, otherwise it is not a varietal seedling in front of you, but a wild or root growth.
The condition of the bark of the seedling will also indicate the degree of its freshness. The top layer should be smooth and resilient, dryness and lethargy indicate that the seedling was dug up a long time ago.
You can conduct a simple scratch test (of course, if the seller does not mind). Scratch the bark lightly, if the layer under it is fresh and green — the plant is healthy, and if it is dark brown — alas, the plant has died.
The trunk of a good quality seedling should have about five branches from half a meter long. The kidneys must be intact.
Lignified shoots are the key to a good wintering of the plant.
Before planting seedlings, you need to decide on a place, since for different types of trees there are features of location and care. For example, cherry is a light-loving tree, so it is recommended to plant it on a hillock, where there is no shortage of sun light.
Also, cherries are not recommended to be planted in acidic soil. The problem of acidic soil can be solved by fertilizing it. The main components of fertilizer should be phosphorus and potassium. Pears and apple trees are not so picky about the composition of the soil, but they also will not refuse a portion of nutrients.
We decided on the place, it is necessary to choose a time for landing. Usually, autumn or spring is chosen for planting seedlings, but even here there are some nuances.
In the spring, immediately after the ice melts, you can start planting trees, but this process is best completed ten days before bud break.
Autumn is the best time to plant young trees. This is due to several factors: loose soil saturated with rain, relatively warm temperatures and, moreover, autumn time, this is the dormant period of the plant. Therefore, the survival rate of autumn planting is almost ideal.
Planting patterns for most seedlings do not differ. First you need to loosen the soil for planting, remove debris or stones. Fertilize no later than two weeks in advance with natural fertilizer, namely manure, or bought in a specialized store.
After the soil is prepared, you need to dig a hole. When tree seedlings are planted, attention is paid to the age and size of the tree, the depth of the pit directly depends on this, on average about 70 cm.
When planting fruit trees, remember that the crown usually grows quite voluminous, so it is necessary to take into account the distance between trees of about 3-4 meters.
In the center of the dug hole, a wooden stick should be fixed, previously treated with a special compound or simply with fire. This is necessary to prevent rotting in the soil.
Then we plant a tree, sprinkle the roots with soil and tamp carefully with our hands. The seedling must be tied with a non-rigid rope to a stick fixed in the pit. After the tree has taken its place in your garden, water it with at least two buckets of water. Do not forget to water the seedling on average once a week.
Having put considerable effort into choosing and planting seedlings, it will not be pleasant if the trees die due to pest attacks. In the spring, before the first leaves appear, carry out preventive treatment of your garden.
Treatment of trees from parasites and insects is carried out in two ways:
Spraying. A special preparation diluted in water is sprayed not only on the trunk, but also on the branches using a spray bottle. Such drugs are purchased in specialized stores.
Whitewashing is carried out with lime or water primer. As a rule, only the trunk of a tree is whitewashed. This method protects the seedling not only from parasites, but also from insects, preventing access from the ground.
Painstaking conscientious work on a personal plot always rewards the gardener with a rich harvest and a beautiful flowering tree view.
Photo of tree seedlings
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Post published: 14.10
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