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The vertical way of gardening a summer cottage or a personal plot is a very practical and popular direction in landscape design. In Western countries, this type of garden design has been used for a very long time, while in the vastness of our country, this method of decoration has been used recently.
The main purpose of vertical gardening is to create unique architectural forms that can change not only the visual perception of the territory with their colors, but also perform important practical tasks.
Brief content of the article:
The functionality of vertical gardening
The purpose and functions of a vertical gardening structure depend on where it will be placed and what design will be used.
Climbing plants, planted along the vertical wall of any building, will give the facade originality, as well as help hide any defects. This type of landscaping compositions is in great demand in places with a hot climate. This is because the cascade of greenery over the façade prevents the surface from overheating, creating a pleasant shade.
Photos of vertical gardening clearly demonstrate that this method is great for zoning the site.
The easiest way, which does not require special knowledge in landscape art, is to delimit the recreation area from outbuildings using a hedge. It is also a great option to hide your land allotment from prying eyes.
If a lot of climbing plant species are planted on the territory, then the microclimate in a small area can be easily adjusted.
A pergola or gazebo decorated with beautiful vegetation will protect the owners from the sultry heat and keep the humidity in the air. Also, landscaping vertical structures will help protect against dust and noise.
A vertical flower bed, placed on a separate site, will transform the appearance of the entire adjacent territory, while saving square meters of land.
Design features of landscaping structures
The design of structures for vertical gardening is very diverse. The choice of a particular option will depend on the direct goals that need to be achieved using this type of landscape design.
Arches are often used to create a harmonious transition between different functional areas. And you can complete the composition with a beautiful object in the form of a statue or an unusually shaped plant that will meet guests at the end of the vault.
Varieties of climbing roses, unusual clematis, honeysuckle are suitable as plants for vertical gardening of arched compositions. The material for the manufacture of arches is often metal or wood, less often come across structures made of stone elements.
It is important to correctly calculate the dimensions of the building so that bindweed plants do not interfere with the passage under the arch. The height of the structure is chosen not less than 2.2 meters, the width is in the range from 120 cm to 150 cm.
Pergolas are native to the Mediterranean. Initially, such buildings were used to maintain the vines and facilitate the harvesting process.
A pergola consists of repeating pillars or arched openings that are connected to each other by beams. This design is very practical and uncomplicated in execution, has an aesthetic appearance, therefore, pergolas occupy an important place in the landscape gardening of the interior of the plots.
These structures can have several functions:
- protection from sunlight — such pergolas have a compacted upper platform, are placed in children’s areas and in the recreation area;
- zoning — the pergola is made in the form of a screen that protects from prying eyes;
- decoration of garden paths in order to simulate a tunnel passage.
It is important that the pergola has a uniform style with the main building.
living barrier wall
Hedges, which are often used for vertical landscaping, can be presented in the form of lattice canvases, trellises or posts that are connected by chains.
Basically, the structures are made of wood, less often of a metal alloy, painted in a wood tone or shade of olive. The vertical lattice fabric is in harmony with the arches, and placed between the pergola openings, it will be an excellent tool for zoning.
A column of pillars, which are fastened together with chains or a rope, which is planted with climbing roses or clematis, will be a wonderful decorative transition from one area in the country to another.
One of the new and no less attractive areas in landscaping is interior decoration with hanging models. So, you can decorate an outdoor terrace with hanging flowerpots with petunias, begonias and other ampelous plant species.
Wall planes of buildings or a fence can be decorated with phytomodules for vertical gardening, in which plants are planted that do not require abundant watering.
For gardening with your own hands, you can use improvised materials. So, sawing a plastic pipe, connecting several similar parts to each other and hanging the composition, we get an unusual element of a vertical landscaping decoration in which it is possible to grow fragrant herbs and spices. In such products, holes must be made from below so that excess moisture can be removed.
Hanging models can be used for landscaping in the apartment. This will save space without giving up a luxurious green corner at home.
Vertical flower beds
Flower beds of a vertical structure are not used so often by ordinary people, although this method is not only outwardly attractive and original, but also saves usable space.
Such structures are created from garden containers of different sizes, placing the largest at the bottom, and rising higher — smaller models. It is enough to arrange 3-4 tiers to make it convenient to take care of such a flower bed.
As plants suitable for planting in vertical structures, brightly colored petunias, marigolds and undersized asters, fern species and spicy spices are suitable.
We select plants
For landscaping compositions, both perennials and annuals are suitable. Annual species are not resistant to frost, so they should be germinated in seedlings in advance, and only then planted in early summer in open ground. For perennial plants, fertile soil should be prepared.
It is also important to systematically loosen the soil and introduce the required complex fertilizer compositions into it, then the landscaping structures will be decorated with lush healthy vegetation.
Photo of vertical gardening
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Post published: 14.10
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