Rosemary — fragrant healer
This famous spicy herb in its homeland is an evergreen perennial.
In the conditions of our winters, alas, even with shelter it is impossible to keep a spicy shrub in the open field until spring.
The lower temperature threshold for it is only -10 degrees Celsius. And even if the bush is securely covered, the roots will still freeze.
The only way out:
send rosemary to spend the winter in a bright and cool room, for example, on a veranda, in a winter garden or a greenhouse (the optimum temperature is from +5 to +15). Therefore, rosemary is often grown in tubs, which are dropped into the ground for the summer.
Lowering the temperature in winter is necessary so that the bush rests and blooms again the next year.
Small bushes in pots may well settle on the windowsill of your kitchen, but with large ones this trick will not work, because the large size of the pot will not stand on the windowsill, and rosemary just needs good lighting.
Most often, they do this with rosemary: they grow it in a pot for three-four-five years, in June the branches of overgrown rosemary are cut off, rooted a little, the rest are dried and sent to the kitchen in a container for spices.
Rooted cuttings will turn into a new fragrant bush next year.
Rosemary is used as a medicinal plant for a number of diseases. One of the most famous properties of this plant is memory improvement, antidepressant and bactericidal action.
Rosemary is a well-known spice that goes well with meat, mushrooms, some vegetables, soups, baked goods, alcoholic beverages.
In perfumery, oil is used, flowers are used for taking fragrant baths.
Because rosemary is a semi-shrub, it has been successfully grown as a bonsai for all Japanese styles.
Rosemary in the house is a symbol of happiness, prosperity and prosperity.
The bactericidal properties of this plant make it possible to purify up to 80% of the air in a small room from bacteria.
Rosemary is a drought tolerant plant, but do not allow the soil to dry out.
According to one classification, rosemary is considered monotypic (represented by one species), according to another, there are five species of this plant. But since there is only one most persistent, it will be discussed.
Rosemary, officinalis (Rosmarinus officinalis)
- Habitat: North Africa, Turkey, Cyprus, South of Europe.
- Flowering period: April May.
- Color spectrum: blue flowers, grey-green leaves.
- Height: 0.5-2 m.
- Growing conditions: does not tolerate acidification of the soil and waterlogging, loves the sun and humus soils, from fertilizers: organic, nitrogen, phosphorus.
- Peculiarities: evergreen subshrub, medicinal plant, spice, source of essential oils, hibernates only in conditions of good lighting and not freezing room.
IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW
The rosemary bush needs to be shaped so that it has a compact shape and does not fall apart. Pruning time — June, after flowering.
If at the beginning of spring the lower part of the bush is very bare (usually this happens somewhere in the seventh year of growth), rosemary needs to be rejuvenated. To do this, they immediately (until the end of March) cut off the entire bush, leaving stumps 10-15 cm high. The plant will increase its green mass over the summer and gradually recover.
ROSEMARY IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN
In warm countries, a huge ball of rosemary by the path is a common thing. With us, you will often meet him on spicy beds or in pots on the terrace. After all, growing a bush of large sizes, given that it must be brought into a place protected from frost and, at the same time, a bright place, is troublesome.
Actually, rosemary looks beautiful on the slopes and in rockeries, but I have little idea how to «pick» it out of the stones in autumn 🙂
They also make beautiful borders and hedges from this spice, but then again … How to dig all this splendor and where to store it in winter 🙁
Therefore, the best option for our latitudes is a solitary planting and a mix of tub plants.
COMBINATION IN SHAPE AND COLOR
Best of all, rosemary will look mixed with other herbs somewhere near the summer kitchen. His close relatives: thyme (thyme) and oregano (oregano).
Rosemary prostrate in the Mediterranean countries is grown as a groundcover.
We can also do such an experiment, provided that there is an individual of this species, or at least its seeds.
Eremurus will create a beautiful contrasting vertical in the neighborhood.
REPRODUCTION AND TRANSPLANT
You can increase the population of rosemary by all known methods: sowing seeds, through seedlings, cuttings, layering, dividing the rhizome.
The seed method of propagation is suitable when there is no adult plant to obtain cuttings. Sowing time February.
Seeds germinate for 4 weeks in a mini-greenhouse. After the appearance of two pairs of true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate pots, continuing to spray.
The fastest way to get a lot of new plants is cuttings.
To do this, in June cut off the top of the branch, 15 centimeters long. The lower leaves are cut off in such a way that there are 2-3 cm of bare stem on the handle.
After the cuttings are simply lowered into the water with a small dose of a root stimulant.
After the roots appear, the seedlings are moved to the ground and in the first year they monitor soil moisture.
Planting rosemary in open ground after winter is carried out by transshipment when the night temperature is stable at +5 degrees Celsius or more and the threat of return frosts is gone. The plant does not tolerate a sharp temperature drop.
In September-October, rosemary is dug up, the roots are slightly pruned and the bush is planted in a larger pot than the previous one.
Watering in winter is carried out 1-2 times a month, when the earth is almost dry.
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